What is dilaudid? How does dilaudid compare to morphine? In this article we will discuss both what dilaudid is and take a look at the similarities and differences of dilaudid vs morphine. Dilaudid is a brand name for hydromorphone, a very strong opioid narcotic. Morphine, similarly, is an opioid. Morphine actually comes from the seedpod of opium, but in comparison dilaudid is a synthetic, or man-made, medication. Dilaudid is available only as a prescription and is most often used to treat moderate to severe pain. Dilaudid medication can be administered in a pill or IV form. Hydromorphone is used as an alternative to morphine and also as a narcotic antitussive (cough suppressant) for dry, painful persistent cough due to continual bronchial irritation.
Dilaudid vs Morphine
When comparing the strength of dilaudid vs morphine, it is often thought that dilaudid is about 3-4 times stronger than morphine. As a derivative of morphine, dilaudid will often be administered when morphine is not strong enough to control the pain or when a patient is suffering from break-through pain. Dilaudid is very soluble and thus works very quickly, one of the reasons it is used to treat break-through pain. It is also thought to have fewer side effects than morphine and is somewhat less addictive. However, dilaudid is still thought to be very habit forming and should only be taken under the supervision of a doctor and only used in the dosage prescribed. When comparing dilaudid to morphine, these are some things one needs to consider.
Side Effects of Dilaudid vs Morphine
The side effects of dilaudid vs morphine can be similar but there are also some major differences. Morphine effects are most commonly compared to those of heroine. In controlled studies where both drugs were administered to those formerly addicted to opiates their self-rated feelings of euphoria, ambition, nervousness, relaxation, drowsiness, or sleepiness. When considering how the addictive properties of morphine, it is thought to be at least as addictive as heroin and even more addictive than alcohol or opium. In comparison, dilaudid can also have effects of extreme euphoria and also stimulate the opioid receptors. If dilaudid is used more often or in stronger doses than what it is prescribed, these receptors will not deactivate and the body will quickly build up a tolerance and then require more and more for the same results just like morphine addiction.
Both dilaudid and morphine can be very addictive. More people are familiar with morphine and are more likely to use it inappropriately but for those with chronic pain that need something stronger, dilaudid is an option but should be used with extreme caution and awareness of the tolerance and addictive nature of the drug. For short term pain relief, dilaudid can be very effective but anyone that has had an addiction to any type of opioid it may not be the best option. Be sure to talk to your doctor about the benefits vs the risks. If you are considering morphine or dilaudid and have never used either, start out with morphine to see how your react. Morphine may take a little longer to take effect than the dilaudid but if it is able to control your pain, it may be the best option.
Taking either dilaudid or morphine in excessive quantities can cause serious respiratory problems. Anyone taking either medication that is experiences shallow breathing, slow heartbeat, seizures or convulsions, or severe weakness or dizziness should consult a doctor right away. Both dilaudid and morphine withdrawal symptoms may include drug cravings, anxiety, irritability, perspiration, confusion, depression, muscle twitches, aching bones and muscles, hot and cold flashes, vomiting and diarrhea. As with any drug addiction, drug rehab may be required to help one trough the stages of withdrawal and recovery.
If you know anyone that has a possible addiction to morphine or dilaudid, seek help immediately. Because of the highly addictive nature of these drugs relapse rates are also very high so be sure to provide continued support for anyone recovery from an addiction. Just because they get clean doesn’t mean they are going to be able to stay clean.